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Spices / Essential Oil Plant Culture
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Black Pepper Piper nigrum


Plant Characteristics


Fruit Characteristics


Vine up to 30 feet



Bears spikes of small white flowers


3-30 feet



Has round fruit that turnred when ripe


Evergreen, woody climber from India and Sri Lanka.


Bloom time

Mid summer


Has glossy, dark green, veined, heart shaped leaves







Likes well drained fertile soil. Water regularly. Do not overwater. Loves high humidity.


Full sun to light shade


Can be grown indoors. If grown in greenhouse keep above 50F and it may bear fruit.


10a-11 Very frost tender keep above 40F. Hardy to 32F


Pepper can be grown in a wide range of soils but it thrives well on red laterite soils. Lands with a sloping terrain and light textured soils are ideal for pepper cultivation because they permit easy percolation of excess water. Pepper being a plant of humid tropics, it requires adequate rainfall and humidity. The required temperature range lies between 50F and 100F. An annual rainfall of 50 80 is ideal and a humidity of 80%.




Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds. The spikes are collected in bags or baskets and dried in the sun on mats or on the ground. The black pepper is the unripe, dried fruit of the pepper plant. White pepper consists of the ripened fruits from which the pulpy pericarp has been removed. Green pepper is early-harvested pepper, far from ripening, that is processed in a way to exclude fermentation. This is achieved by pickling the freshly harvested pepper corns in salt or vinegar.


The same kind of pickling procedure can also be applied to ripe pepper fruits; in that case, their color is retained, and one arrives at red pepper. It combines the spicy, mature flavor of black pepper with the fresh notes of green pepper. Dried red peppercorns must not be confused with pink pepper, which stems from an entirely different plant (Brazilian pepper) and has little peppery quality.

Crocus sativus - Saffron Spice
Color: Lavender
Foliae Color: Green
Bloom Time: Fall
Height: 5 inches tall

Plant crocus 3 to 4 inches deep and 4 - 6 inches apart in full sun to part shade. Mulch to keep bulbs cooler. Well-drained soil will keep them from rotting.

Tea Tree  Melaleuca alternifolia


Plant Characteristics


Aroma Characteristics

Plant Height

 18 feet




Plant Spread

 14 feet




Growth Rate









Source of Tea Tree Oil 




 Good choice for wet soils.


 Full sun / part sun / part shade

Indoor Culture

 Container / Patio plant


 9-11   Established trees can stand a few degrees of freezing weather.


 Little or no fertilization needed.