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Wellspring Gardens
Flower Culture
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African Iris - Dietes iridiodes or Dietes vegeta

 

Plant Characteristics

 

Fruit/Flower/Aroma Characteristics

Plant Height

2 - 4 feet

 

Bloom color

Showy white with yellow / blue

Spacing

1 - 3 feet

 

Bloom time

sporadically year round

Growth rate

Medium to Slow

 

.

Leaves

Evergreen

 

Comments

No fragrance

 

Culture

Soil

Loves rich moist soil, but tolerates dry soil. Loam, clay, sand.

Exposure

Full sun, partial sun

Use

Specimen, Border, Mass Planting, Container Plant, Ground Cover, Edging, Naturalizing

Zone

8, 9, 10

Comments

No diseases of major concern. Very tough and robust.

Aster, Stokes Aster
Very drought tolerant. Great for xeriscapes. Butterfly attractant. Grow in full sun to partial shade Zones 5 - 10. Well-draining soil. Blooms from spring to fall.

Bird of Paradise  Strelitzia reginae

 

Plant Characteristics

 

Fruit/Flower/Aroma Characteristics

Plant Height

Up to 5 feet or more

 

Flower Color

Predominantly orange

.

 

 

Size of Flower

4 - 8 inches

Leaf Description

Thick, waxy, glossy green

 

Blooming season

September - May

Leaf size

6 inches wide, 18 inches long

 

Comments

Flowers last up to 2 weeks when cut

 

Culture

Soil

Most soils but does best in loamy well-drained soils

Exposure

Full sun, part sun, part shade. Plants grown in partial shade are taller and have larger flowers

Container Culture

Excellent container plant in both colder areas or when used on a patio or poolside.

Zone

Tropical. Established plants can withstand 24F for short periods.

Comments

Exceptionally attractive plant just from foliage standpoint.

Bird of Paradise, White - Strelitzia nicolai

 

Plant Characteristics

 

Fruit/Flower/Aroma Characteristics

Plant Height

 20 -30 feet

 

Flower color

 White, cream, gray

Spread

 6 - 10 feet

 

Characteristics

 Showy

Growth rate

 Moderate

 

Fruit / Seeds

 Does not attract wildlife

Leaves

 More than 3 feet

 

Comments

 

 

Culture

Soil

 Clay, sand, laom; acid or slightly alkaline; well drained

Exposure

 Full sun, Part sun, part shade

Patio Culture

 Deck or patio, container, indoors

Zone

 9b, 10, 11 will survive periods of 28F very well and recover quickly

Comments

 Can grow quite large

Fragrant Dwarf Gardenia  Gardenia jasminoides 'Radicans'

 

Plant Characteristics

 

Fruit/Flower/Aroma Characteristics

Plant Height

1 - 2 feet high

 

Flower Color

White

Plant Spread

up to 3 feet

 

Size of Flower

1 inch

Leaf Description

Lustrous, glossy, dark green

 

Blooming season

Late spring / early sumemr

Leaf size

small

 

Comments

 

 

Culture

Soil

Does best in moist water retaining acidic soils

Exposure

Part shade or part sun

Container Culture

Excellent container / house plant. Excellent bonsai candidate.

Zone

In ground in zones 8, 9, 10, 11.

Comments

Exceptionally attractive plant just from foliage standpoint.

The genus Gardenia is believed to have been named after Alexander Garden, a physician in Charleston, South Carolina, during colonial days.
Gardenias are a member of the family Rubiaceae and belong to the genus Gardenia. There are over 200 species of Gardenias. In Florida, two species are of primary importance: Gardenia jasminoides containing many cultivars, and Gardenia thunbergia, grown primarily as a rootstock. Gardenia jasminoides is native to China although most named cultivars have arisen in cultivation. Gardenia thunbergia, named for C. P. Thunberg, an 18th century Swedish botanist, is native to South Africa.
Gardenias can be used as screens, hedges, borders or ground covers. They also may be used as free-standing specimens or in mass plantings.
These shrubs are excellent choices for fragrant flowers and handsome foliage. If you want to enjoy the flowers' fragrance, plant in areas with good air circulation near patios or windows where the fragrance will be noticed. Many cultivars bloom in the spring, while others bloom throughout most of the growing season.
Plant gardenias in full sun, partial shade, or shifting shade for best flower production. Prolonged shade may reduce flowering.
 
CULTIVARS
Most cultivars are not from breeding but through mutation, and therefore, can be increased only by vegetative propagation. There is considerable variation in flower size and form, blooming time and duration, and plant growth among cultivars, which include:
'Aimee Yashioka' which has brilliant dark green foliage with large flowers, 4-5 inches in diameter; produces an abundance of flowers in late spring;
'August Beauty' which has dense foliage with large double white flowers, flowers heavily, is 4-6 feet high and blooms spring to fall;
'Belmont' which has dark green foliage with large flowers, 4-5 inches in diameter; blooms throughout most of the growing season;
'Coral Gables' which has dark green foliage with large flowers on compact plants; blooms throughout summer months;
'Fortuneiana' which has double, carnation-like flowers up to 4 inches in diameter;
'Glazerii' which has medium green foliage with heavy peak bloom in April in south Florida;
'Golden Magic' which has almost double, pure white flowers that age to deep golden yellow; plants grow 3 feet tall by 2 feet wide in three years;
'Miami Supreme' which has medium to dark green foliage with large flowers, 4-6 inches in diameter;
'Mystery' which has 4-5 inch diameter, double white flowers on a 4-8 foot rather upright growing shrub; needs pruning to keep it neat;
'Radicans' ('Prostrata') which is a small-leaved, almost creeping version of the species; the small, lustrous leaves are especially handsome and coupled with the 1-inch diameter fragrant flowers make this a good choice for many landscapes; grows 1-2 feet high with a 4-foot spread, forms a graceful, flowering evergreen shrub; good ground cover, or mass or facing plant;
'Radicans Variegata' which is a variegated version of 'Radicans' with creamy-white leaf margins and the same flowers as 'Radicans'; it may produce branch reversions that need to be removed;
'Veitchii' which grows 2-4 feet high and produces 1-1 1/2 inch diameter white flowers; blooms profusely from spring to fall;
'Veitchii Improved' which grows taller than 'Veitchii' to 5 feet and produces slightly larger (2 1/2 - 3 inch) flowers in greater numbers.
 

Hibiscus, Tropical 

 

Plant Characteristics

 

Fruit/Flower/Aroma Characteristics

Plant Height

 1

 

Flower color

 1

Spread

 1

 

Characteristics

 1

Growth rate

 1

 

Fruit / Seeds

 1

Leaves

 1

 

Comments

 1

 

Culture

Soil

Like many tropicals can take many soils but prefers those richer in organic matter. Slightly acid. Fertilize with 5-2-5.

Exposure

 1

Patio Culture

 Deck or patio, container, indoors or landscape. When grown in container water more frequently and fertilize up to 2-4 times / month with a liquid fertlizer or use a slow-release fertilizer.

Zone

 1

Fertilizer

 1

 
 

Orchids 

 

Encyclia tampensis: Florida's most common wild orchid. It is protected by law (collection from the wild is prohibited.) Give it full sun to part shade. Extreme cold / freezing takes a toll on it so moving it to a warmer spot during cold snaps is beneficial. Can be grown in a basket or pot of bark or attach to a slab.
Phalaenopsis is derived from Greek and means ' resembling a moth.' The large flowers moving in the wind remond one somewhat of a moth. These are perhaps the easiest orchids to grow. They bloom often when just a year old and their flowers last longer than any other orchid.
 
They bloom during the short light days (winter) and will continue to flower up to 3 months. On some of the larger and more vigorous white varieties the stem can be cut after flowering (just above a joint) and the orchid will continue to bloom- sometimes year round.
 
Care for Phalaenopsis is often compared to that of African Violets. They require more moisture than other orchids but should not be kept saturated. Never let them thoroughly dry out. They are known as "low light" orchids but they can also handle higher indirect light levels. The porosity of the potting medium can vary as long as the watering is adjusted to compensate. Using a medium that retains more water e.g. sphagnum moss will mean less frequent watering.
 
Fertilize after three or four waterings. Use an orchid fertilizer and follow the directions on the container being careful not exceed the recommended dose.
 
Diseases: A bacterial disease is indicated by slightly damp brown spots on leaf surface. Brown spots or streaks on orchid leaves can be caused by leaf fungi. Infected parts should be removed and the plant sprayed with copper-based fungicide such as Kocide. Tools should be disinfected. Physan is a bacteriacide, fungicide, and algacide.