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Wellspring Gardens
Avocado Trees
Avocadoes are classified into three types: Mexican, Guatemalan, and West Indian. Some avocados are a cross. Each has unique characteristics. The Mexican type is most cold hardy, has paper-thin skinned fruit, takes the fewest months to mature (5-6) and has the smallest of fruit which are green to black. Guatemalan is less cold hardy, has thick woody-tissue skinned fruit, takes the longest time to mature (10-15 months) and has medium-sized fruit that is green to red. West Indian is the least cold-hardy, is fairly quick to mature (5-8 months), has leathery-skinned fruit that are green to red.
 
Virtually all avocados are self fruitful. Except for the Mexican varieties where isolated trees usually bear well, most avocados will have increased yields if types A and B are planted together. Flowers of Type A are receptive to pollen in the morning but don't release their pollen until the afternoon of the next day. Flowers of Type B are receptive to pollen in the afternoon but do not release their pollen until the next morning. Solitary trees with their decreased yields usually produce more than enough for a family.
 
Specific varieties are recommended for Florida, California, and Hawaii. The chart below lists some of the more popular Florida varieties.
 
avocado.jpg
Varieties Recommended for Florida:

Avocado

Freezes

Months Fruit Ripens

Quality/Size/Color/Yield

Mexicola M-A

18-22F

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

JAN

FEB

MAR

Fair/6 oz./black/high

Brogdon-MxWI-A&B

22-26F

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

JAN

FEB

MAR

Very good/8-12/purple/mod.

Winter Mex.-MxWI-B

22F

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

JAN

FEB

MAR

Good/12-16/green/high

Lula-GxWI-A

25F

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

JAN

FEB

MAR

Good/14-24/green/high

Taylor-G-A

25F

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

JAN

FEB

MAR

Very good/12-18/green/low

Kampong-??-B

25F?

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

JAN

FEB

MAR

?/14-24/green/low yield

Meya-??-A

25F?

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

JAN

FEB

MAR

?/10-16/green/low yield

Brookslate-??-A

25F?

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

JAN

FEB

MAR

?/10-22/green/high yield

Monroe-GxWI-B

26F

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

JAN

FEB

MAR

Very good/24-40/green/high

Choquette-GxWI-A

26-30F

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

JAN

FEB

MAR

Very good/18-40/green/mod.

Tonnage-G-B

26F

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

JAN

FEB

MAR

Very good/14-24/green/mod.

Booth 7-GxWI-B

28F

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

JAN

FEB

MAR

Good/10-20/green/high

Booth 8-GxWI-B

28F

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

JAN

FEB

MAR

Fair/9-28/green/very high

Hall-GxWI-B

28F

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

JAN

FEB

MAR

Good/20-30/green/very high

Pollock-WI-B

32F

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

JAN

FEB

MAR

Very good/18-40/green/low

Simmonds-WI-A

32F

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

JAN

FEB

MAR

Very good/16-34/green/mod.

Avocado

Freezes

Months Fruit Ripens

Quality/Size/Color/Yield